英 [sæd] 美 [sæd]
  • adj. 难过的;悲哀的,令人悲痛的;凄惨的,阴郁的(形容颜色)
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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sad 色哀的(面色悲哀的)
sad 伤心的,难过的

来自古英语 saed,得到满足的,厌倦的,来自 Proto-Germanic*sadaz,使满意,使满足,来自 PIE*sa,使满意,使满足,词源同 sate,satisfy.引申词义厌烦的,伤心的,悲伤的。词义演变比 较 nice,原义为笨的,傻的,后引申词义好的。

sad: [OE] Originally, to feel sad was to feel that one had had ‘enough’. For the word comes ultimately from the same Indo-European base that produced English satisfy and saturate. By the time it reached English (via a prehistoric Germanic *sathaz) ‘enough’ had already become extended to ‘weary’, and the modern sense ‘unhappy’ emerged in the 14th century.

The original notion of ‘sufficiency’ has now died out in the case of sad, but it survives in the case of sated [17], an alteration (probably under the influence of satiate) of the past participle of an earlier verb sade ‘satiate’, which was derived from sad.

=> sated, satiate, satisfy, saturate
sad (adj.)
Old English sæd "sated, full, having had one's fill (of food, drink, fighting, etc.), weary of," from Proto-Germanic *sathaz (cognates: Old Norse saðr, Middle Dutch sat, Dutch zad, Old High German sat, German satt, Gothic saþs "satiated, sated, full"), from PIE *seto- (cognates: Latin satis "enough, sufficient," Greek hadros "thick, bulky," Old Church Slavonic sytu, Lithuanian sotus "satiated," Old Irish saith "satiety," sathach "sated"), from root *sa- "to satisfy" (cognates: Sanskrit a-sinvan "insatiable").

Sense development passed through the meaning "heavy, ponderous" (i.e. "full" mentally or physically), and "weary, tired of" before emerging c. 1300 as "unhappy." An alternative course would be through the common Middle English sense of "steadfast, firmly established, fixed" (as in sad-ware "tough pewter vessels") and "serious" to "grave." In the main modern sense, it replaced Old English unrot, negative of rot "cheerful, glad."

Meaning "very bad" is from 1690s. Slang sense of "inferior, pathetic" is from 1899; sad sack is 1920s, popularized by World War II armed forces (specifically by cartoon character invented by Sgt. George Baker, 1942, and published in U.S. Armed Forces magazine "Yank"), probably a euphemistic shortening of common military slang phrase sad sack of shit.
1. This condition is called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD for short.


2. Guy Powell, defending, told magistrates: "It's a sad and disturbing case."


3. I'm sad about my toys getting burned in the fire.


4. He died five or six years ago I'm sad to say.


5. How can anyone look sad at an occasion like this?


[ sad 造句 ]