美 [stu, stju]
- vt. 炖，炖汤；焖；忧虑；受闷热
- n. 炖，炖汤；烦恼；闷热；鱼塘
- vi. 炖，炖汤；焖；受闷热；忧虑
- n. (Stew)人名；(英)斯图
CET6+ TEM4 CET6
2. stove => stew.
3. It originally denoted 'take a steam bath'.
4. probably from ex- "out" + *tufus "vapor, steam," from Greek typhos "smoke, steam". => stifle, stove, typhoid, typhus.
5. 区别：strew, stew: 有花儿是播撒，因为只有播撒了种子才会开花发芽，没花儿是炖煮。
6. w-v stove小炉子,炉灶-stew
来自古法语 estuver,洗热水澡，泡澡，来自 estuve,蒸汽浴室，来自 Proto-Germanic*stubo,加热 的房间，起居室，词源同 stove.后由泡澡引申词义炖，煨。
- stew:  The cooking sense of stew is a secondary development, first recorded in English in the 15th century. It originally denoted ‘take a steam bath’. It came via Old French estuver from Vulgar Latin *extūfāre. This was a compound verb formed from a probable noun *tūfus ‘hot vapour, steam’, a descendant of Greek túphos ‘smoke, steam, stupor’ (source also of English typhus  and typhoid ). *Extūfāre probably lies behind English stifle too.
=> stifle, stove, typhoid, typhus
- stew (v.)
- late 14c., transitive "to bathe (a person or a body part) in a steam bath," from Old French estuver "have a hot bath, plunge into a bath; stew" (Modern French étuver), of uncertain origin. Common Romanic (cognates: Spanish estufar, Italian stufare), possibly from Vulgar Latin *extufare "evaporate," from ex- "out" + *tufus "vapor, steam," from Greek typhos "smoke." Compare Old English stuf-bæþ "hot-air bath;" see stove.
Intransitive use from 1590s. Meaning "to boil slowly, to cook meat by simmering it in liquid" is attested from early 15c. The meaning "to be left to the consequences of one's actions" is from 1650s, especially in figurative expression to stew in one's own juices. Related: Stewed; stewing. Slang stewed "drunk" first attested 1737.
- stew (n.)
- c. 1300, "vessel for cooking," from stew (v.). Later "heated room," especially for bathing (late 14c.). The meaning "stewed meat with vegetables" is first recorded 1756. The obsolete slang meaning "brothel" (mid-14c., usually plural, stews) is from a parallel sense of "public bath house" (mid-14c.), carried over from Old French estuve "bath, bath house; bawdy house," reflecting the reputation of medieval bath houses.
- 1. He's been in a stew since early this morning.
- 2. Stew the apple and blackberries to make a thick pulp.
- 3. The rice is accompanied by a soup or a soupy stew.
- 4. Rabbit stew is one of chef Giancarlo Moeri's signature dishes.
- 5. He took a spoonful of the stew and ate it.
[ stew 造句 ]