- n. 商店；店铺
- vt. 购物
- vi. 购物；买东西
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
商店 shop 销铺（销售商品的店铺）
来自古英语 scoppa,亭子，货摊，来自 Proto-Germanic*skup,谷仓，简易仓库，来自 PIE*skup, 弯，拱。后引申词义工厂，车间，作坊等，再后用于指商店，店铺，且成为主要词义。
- shop:  The word shop had humble beginnings. It goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *skoppan, which denoted a small additional structure, such as a lean-to shed or a porch. There is one isolated example of an Old English descendant of this – sceoppa, which denoted a ‘treasury’ – but this does not appear to have survived. The modern English word was borrowed from Old French eschoppe ‘booth, stall’, which in turn had got it from Middle Low German schoppe.
German dialect schopf ‘shed, shelter’ comes from the same source. The verb shop originated in the 16th century, in the sense ‘imprison’ (reflecting a now obsolete slang use of the noun shop for ‘prison’). This is the ancestor of modern British slang shop ‘inform against’. The sense ‘visit shops to buy things’ emerged in the mid 18th century.
- shop (n.)
- c. 1300, "booth or shed for trade or work," perhaps from Old English scoppa, a rare word of uncertain meaning, apparently related to scypen "cowshed," from Proto-Germanic *skoppan "small additional structure" (cognates: Old High German scopf "building without walls, porch," German dialectal Scopf "porch, cart-shed, barn," German Schuppen "a shed"), from root *skupp-. Or the Middle English word was acquired from Old French eschoppe "booth, stall" (Modern French échoppe), which is a Germanic loan-word from the same root.
Meaning "building or room set aside for sale of merchandise" is from mid-14c. Meaning "schoolroom equipped for teaching vocational arts" is from 1914, American English. Sense of "matters pertaining to one's trade" is from 1814 (as in talk shop (v.), 1860).
- shop (v.)
- 1680s, "to bring something to a shop, to expose for sale," from shop (n.). The meaning "to visit shops for the purpose of examining or purchasing goods" is first attested 1764. Related: Shopped; shopping. Shop around is from 1922. Shopping cart is recorded from 1956; shopping list first attested 1913; transferred and figurative use is from 1959.
- 1. The victim was outside a shop when he was attacked.
- 2. The shop assistant received me indifferently while leaning on a counter.
- 3. It's a new shop selling discounted lines and seconds.
- 4. The woman in the shop had looked at them curiously.
- 5. He had an urge to open a shop of his own.
[ shop 造句 ]