- n. 颠倒；乱七八糟
- adj. 颠倒的；乱七八糟的
- adv. 颠倒地；乱七八糟地
- vt. 使颠倒；使混乱
可能来自 tops,顶部，顶端，古词 terve,翻倒，推翻。引申词义混乱的，颠三倒四的等。
- topsy-turvy (adv.)
- 1520s, "but prob. in popular use from an earlier period" [OED]; compare top over terve "to fall over" (mid-15c.); likely from tops, plural of top (n.1) "highest point" + obsolete terve "turn upside down, topple over," from Old English tearflian "to roll over, overturn," from Proto-Germanic *terbanan (cognates: Old High German zerben "to turn round"). Century Dictionary calls it "A word which, owing to its popular nature, its alliterative type, and to ignorance of its origin, leading to various perversions made to suggest some plausible origin, has undergone, besides the usual variations of spelling, extraordinary modifications of form." It lists 31 variations. As an adjective from 1610s.
- 1. Miss Ophelia was uneasy that Eva should fancy Topsy's society so much.
- 2. Topsy had an uncommon verbal memory, and committed with a fluency that greatly encouraged her instructress.
- 托普西对文字的记忆力非常强, 上课时对答如流,使她的教师感到十分鼓舞.
- 3. Topsy would hold a perfect carnival of confusion , for some one or two hours.
- 4. He turned the little boy topsy - turning.
- 5. Yes, ma'am, said Topsy, with profound attention.
- 是的, 夫人, 托普西全神贯注地答道.
[ topsy-turvy 造句 ]