- n. 学习，研究；课题；书房；学问
- vt. 学习；考虑；攻读；细察
- vi. 研究；用功
- n. (Study)人名；(英)斯塔迪
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语 studiare,学习，来自 studere,勤奋，勤勉，来自 PIE*steu,推，击，打，敲，词源 同 steep,type.引申诸相关词义。
- study:  Study comes via Old French estudie from Latin studium ‘eagerness, intense application’, hence ‘application to learning’ (English studio  comes from the same ultimate source, only via Italian). Studium in turn was derived from the verb studēre ‘be eager, study’ (source of English student ). This probably went back ultimately to the Indo- European base *steud-, *teud- ‘hit’, which also produced Latin tundere ‘hit’ (source of English contusion and obtuse) and German stossen ‘shove, hit’ – the underlying notion of study thus being the ‘application of extreme effort’.
=> contusion, obtuse, student, studio
- study (v.)
- early 12c., "to strive toward, devote oneself to, cultivate" (translating Latin occupatur), from Old French estudiier "to study, apply oneself, show zeal for; examine" (13c., Modern French étudier), from Medieval Latin studiare, from Latin studium "study, application," originally "eagerness," from studere "to be diligent" ("to be pressing forward"), from PIE *(s)teu- (1) "to push, stick, knock, beat" (see steep (adj.)).
Martha swanc and becarcade to geforðigene þan Hælende and his þeowen þa lichamlice behefðen. Seo studdede emb þa uterlice þing. [Homily for the Feast of the Virgin Mary, c.1125]
From c. 1300 as "apply oneself to the acquisition of learning, pursue a formal course of study," also "read a book or writings intently or meditatively." From mid-14c. as "reflect, muse, think, ponder." Meaning "regard attentively" is from 1660s. Related: Studied; studying.
- study (n.)
- c. 1300, "application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, intensive reading and contemplation of a book, writings, etc.," from Old French estudie "care, attention, skill, thought; study, school" (Modern French étude), from Latin studium "study, application" (see study (v.)). Also from c. 1300 as "a state of deep thought or contemplation; a state of mental perplexity, doubt, anxiety; state of amazement or wonder." From mid-14c. as "careful examination, scrutiny." Sense of "room furnished with books" is from late 14c. Meaning "a subject of study" is from late 15c. Study hall is attested from 1891, originally a large common room in a college.
- 1. Charles and I were closeted in his study for the briefing session.
- 2. The study links the main living area to the kitchen.
- 3. 673 private golf clubs took part in a recent study.
- 4. He entered Otago University to study arts and divinity.
- 5. I invite every citizen to carefully study the document.
[ study 造句 ]