- n. 舌头；语言
- vt. 舔；斥责；用舌吹
- vi. 说话；吹管乐器
- n. (Tongue)人名；(英)唐
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 tunge,舌头，来自 Proto-Germanic*tungon,舌头，来自 PIE*tnghwa,舌头，词源同 language,lingual.字母 d,l 音变，比较 tear,lachrymose.引申词义语言。
- tongue: [OE] Tongue is a general Germanic word, with relatives in German zunge, Dutch tong, Swedish tonga, and Danish tonge. These all evolved from a prehistoric Germanic *tunggōn, whose ultimate ancestor was Indo- European *dnghwā-. This also produced Latin lingua ‘tongue, language’ (source of English language, linguistic, etc), Welsh tafod ‘tongue’, Russian jazyk ‘tongue’, etc.
=> language, linguistic
- tongue (n.)
- Old English tunge "tongue, organ of speech; speech, a people's language," from Proto-Germanic *tungon (cognates: Old Saxon and Old Norse tunga, Old Frisian tunge, Middle Dutch tonghe, Dutch tong, Old High German zunga, German Zunge, Gothic tuggo), from PIE *dnghwa- (cognates: Latin lingua "tongue, speech, language," from Old Latin dingua; Old Irish tenge, Welsh tafod, Lithuanian liezuvis, Old Church Slavonic jezyku).
For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come. The spelling of the ending of the word apparently is a 14c. attempt to indicate proper pronunciation, but the result is "neither etymological nor phonetic, and is only in a very small degree historical" [OED]. In the "knowledge of a foreign language" sense in the Pentecostal miracle, from 1520s. Tongue-tied is first recorded 1520s. To hold (one's) tongue "refrain from speaking" was in Old English. Johnson has tonguepad "A great talker."
- tongue (v.)
- "to touch with the tongue, lick," 1680s, from tongue (n.). Earlier as a verb it meant "drive out by order or reproach" (late 14c.). Related: Tongued; tonguing.
- 1. Teddy clucked his tongue like a disapproving English matron.
- 2. He stuck out his tongue and flared his nostrils.
- 3. I walked over to the mirror and stuck my tongue out.
- 4. Tongue lolling, the dog came lolloping back from the forest.
- 5. She made a face and stuck out her tongue at him.
[ tongue 造句 ]