- n. 浪费；废物；荒地；损耗；地面风化物
- vt. 浪费；消耗；使荒芜
- vi. 浪费；变消瘦；挥霍钱财
- adj. 废弃的；多余的；荒芜的
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
- waste:  The etymological notions underlying waste are ‘emptiness’ and ‘desolation’. Its main modern sense, ‘squander’, is a comparatively recent development, first recorded in English in the 14th century. Its ultimate source is Latin vāstus ‘empty’, which has also given English devastate and vast. From this was formed the verb vāstāre ‘devastate, lay waste’, which passed into English via Old Northern French waster. The derivative wastrel dates from the 16th century.
=> devastate, vast
- waste (v.)
- c. 1200, "devastate, ravage, ruin," from Anglo-French and Old North French waster "to waste, squander, spoil, ruin" (Old French gaster; Modern French gâter), altered (by influence of Frankish *wostjan) from Latin vastare "lay waste," from vastus "empty, desolate, waste" (see vain). Related: wasted; wasting.
The Germanic word also existed in Old English as westan "to lay waste, ravage." Spanish gastar, Italian guastare also are from Germanic. Meaning "to lose strength or health; pine; weaken" is attested from c. 1300; the sense of "squander, spend or consume uselessly" is first recorded mid-14c.; meaning "to kill" is from 1964. Waste not, want not attested from 1778.
- waste (n.)
- c. 1200, "desolate regions," from Anglo-French and Old North French wast "waste, damage, destruction; wasteland, moor" (Old French gast), from Latin vastum, neuter of vastus "waste" (see waste (v.)).
Replaced or merged with Old English westen, woesten "a desert, wilderness," from the Latin word. Meanings "consumption, depletion," also "useless expenditure" are from c. 1300; sense of "refuse matter" is attested from c. 1400. Waste basket first recorded 1850.
- waste (adj.)
- c. 1300, of land, "desolate, uncultivated," from Anglo-French and Old North French waste (Old French gaste), from Latin vastus (see waste (v.)). From c. 1400 as "superfluous, excess;" 1670s as "unfit for use." Waste-paper attested from 1580s.
- 1. At the entry for " kill " , my thesaurus lists " murder " , " assassinate " and " waste " .
- 我的同义词词典在kill条目中列出murder, assassinate, waste 词条.
- 2. Solid low-level waste will be disposed of deep underground.
- 3. They make compost out of all kinds of waste.
- 4. Overcrowding has taxed the city's ability to deal with waste.
- 5. The ability to separate out reusable elements from other waste is crucial.
[ waste 造句 ]