- n. 岛；岛屿；安全岛；岛状物
- adj. 岛的
- vt. 孤立；使成岛状
- n. (Island)人名；(英)艾兰
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. island 对照 isle.
- island: [OE] Despite their similarity, island has no etymological connection with isle (their resemblance is due to a 16th-century change in the spelling of island under the influence of its semantic neighbour isle). Island comes ultimately from a prehistoric Germanic *aujō, which denoted ‘land associated with water’, and was distantly related to Latin aqua ‘water’.
This passed into Old English as īeg ‘island’, which was subsequently compounded with land to form īegland ‘island’. By the late Middle English period this had developed to iland, the form which was turned into island. (A diminutive form of Old English īeg, incidentally, has given us eyot ‘small island in a river’ [OE].) Isle  itself comes via Old French ile from Latin insula (the s is a 15th-century reintroduction from Latin).
Other contributions made by insula to English include insular , insulate , insulin, isolate (via Italian) , and peninsula .
- island (n.)
- 1590s, earlier yland (c. 1300), from Old English igland "island," from ieg "island" (from Proto-Germanic *aujo "thing on the water," from PIE *akwa- "water;" see aqua-) + land (n.). Spelling modified 15c. by association with similar but unrelated isle. An Old English cognate was ealand "river-land, watered place, meadow by a river." In place names, Old English ieg is often used of "slightly raised dry ground offering settlement sites in areas surrounded by marsh or subject to flooding" [Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names]. Related: Islander.
- 1. They were going to sail around the little island, against the tide.
- 2. He made it his object in life to find the island.
- 3. Further to the south are some of the island'sloveliest unspoilt coves.
- 4. The island is only 200m wide at its narrowest point.
- 5. The Regent hotel has a superlative view of Hong Kong island.
[ island 造句 ]