英 ['rɪb(ə)ld; 'raɪbɔːld]
- adj. 下流的；言谈粗俗的
- n. 言谈粗俗的人；说下流话的人
1. It is a derivative of the verb riber 'sleep around'. This is turn went back to Old High German riban 'rub', hence 'copulate'.
2. (with suffix -ald) from riber "be wanton, sleep around," from Old High German riban "be wanton," literally "rub," possibly from the common euphemistic use of "rub" words to mean "have sex".
3. rub => rib- "rub => be wanton, sleep around" + -ald => ribald.
来自古法语 ribalt,无赖，浪荡子，可能来自 riber,淫荡的，鬼混的，来自 PIE*wer,弯，转，词 源同 wring,wrap.幽默用法，在床上鬼混的姿势,引申词义粗俗的，下流的。拼写受贬义后缀 -ald 影响俗化。
- ribald:  Ribald was originally a noun, a derogatory term meaning ‘retainer or dependent of low status’. It was borrowed from Old French ribaut, a derivative of the verb riber ‘sleep around’. This is turn went back to Old High German rīban ‘rub’, hence ‘copulate’. It was not used as an adjective until the early 16th century.
- ribald (adj.)
- c. 1500, from ribald, ribaud (n.), mid-13c., "a rogue, ruffian, rascall, scoundrell, varlet, filthie fellow" [Cotgrave], from Old French ribaut, ribalt "rogue, scoundrel, lewd lover," also as an adjective, "wanton, depraved, dissolute, licentious," of uncertain origin, perhaps (with suffix -ald) from riber "be wanton, sleep around, dally amorously," from a Germanic source (compare Old High German riban "be wanton," literally "to rub," possibly from the common euphemistic use of "rub" words to mean "have sex"), from Proto-Germanic *wribanan, from PIE root *wer- (3) "to turn, bend" (see versus).
- 1. He loves entertaining his friends with ribald stories.
- 2. The answer was lost in a shout of ribald laughter.
- 3. Fit for all readers, listeners, or audiences; not ribald or obscene.
- 对所有读者 、 听众或观众都适合的; 不下流或淫秽的.
- 4. This ribald ad by Durex works the participation angle.
- 5. Man, a greedy tyrant, ribald , hard and grasping.
- 男人, 一个贪婪的暴君, 下流、严厉、一心攫取.
[ ribald 造句 ]