- n. 香水；香味
- vt. 洒香水于…；使…带香味
- vi. 散发香气
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- perfume:  The -fume of perfume is the same word as English fumes, but whereas fumes has gone downhill semantically, perfume has remained in the realms of pleasant odours. It comes from French parfum, a derivative of the verb parfumer. This was borrowed from early Italian parfumare, a compound formed from the prefix par- ‘through’ and fumare ‘smoke’, which denoted a ‘pervading by smoke’. When it first arrived in English, the semantic element ‘burning’ was still present, and perfume denoted the ‘fumes produced by burning a substance, such as incense’, but this gradually dropped out in favour of the more general ‘pleasant smell’.
- perfume (n.)
- 1530s, "fumes from a burning substance," from Middle French parfum (16c.), from parfumer "to scent," from Old Provençal perfumar or cognate words in dialectal Italian (perfumare) or Spanish (perfumar), from Latin per- "through" (see per) + fumare "to smoke" (see fume (n.)). Meaning "fluid containing agreeable essences of flowers, etc.," is attested from 1540s.
- perfume (v.)
- 1530s, "to fill with smoke or vapor," from perfume (n.) or from Middle French parfumer. Meaning "to impart a sweet scent to" is from 1530s. Related: Perfumed; perfuming.
- 1. As she went past there was a gust of strong perfume.
- 2. There were two lemon trees and I paused to enjoy their perfume.
- 3. She dabbed a drop of the musky perfume behind each ear.
- 4. Amy thought she caught the faintest drift of Isabel's flowery perfume.
- 5. He sniffed the perfume she wore, then gave her a quick survey.
[ perfume 造句 ]