CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研
来自拉丁语 symposium,饮酒会，讨论会，来自希腊语 symposion,饮酒会，讨论会，来自 sym-, 一起，posis,喝，饮，来自 PIE*poi,喝，词源同 poison,potion,potable.来自古希腊时期文人、 学士、哲学家、智者等欢聚一堂举杯共饮，在欢快的气氛中就某一话题进行热烈探讨的习俗。
- symposium:  A symposium is etymologically a ‘get-together for a drink’. The word comes via Latin symposium from Greek sumpósion, a derivative of sumpótēs ‘drinking companion’. This was a compound noun formed from the prefix sun- ‘together’ and the base *pot- ‘drink’ (source of English poison, potion, etc). The Greeks favoured lubricating intellectual discussion with drink, and so the term sumpósion came to be used for a meeting which combined elements of party and intellectual interchange.
=> poison, potable, potion
- symposium (n.)
- 1580s, "account of a gathering or party," from Latin symposium "drinking party, symposium," from Greek symposion "drinking party, convivial gathering of the educated" (related to sympotes "drinking companion"), from assimilated form of syn- "together" (see syn-) + posis "a drinking," from a stem of Aeolic ponen "to drink," cognate with Latin potare "to drink" (see potion).
The symposium usually followed a dinner, for the Greeks did not drink at meals. Its enjoyment was heightened by intellectual or agreeable conversation, by the introduction of music or dancers, and by other amusements. [Century Dictionary]
The sense of "a meeting on some subject" is from 1784. Reflecting the Greek fondness for mixing wine and intellectual discussion, the modern sense is especially from the word being used as a title for one of Plato's dialogues. Greek plural is symposia, and the leader of one is a symposiarch (c. 1600 in English). Related: Symposiac (adj.); symposial.
- 1. The symposium on AIDS research lasted two days.
- 2. What have you learned from the symposium?
- 3. He had been taking part in an international symposium on population.
- 4. Once I attended an international symposium on Dunhuang studies held at the Mogao Grottoes.
来自汉英文学 - 现代散文
- 5. The specialists and scholars present at the symposium come from all corners of the country.
[ symposium 造句 ]