- vt. 理解；懂；获悉；推断；省略
- vi. 理解；懂得；熟悉
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1、under + stand.
2、字面含义：stand in the midst of.
4、At here, the under is not the usual word meaning "beneath," but from Old English under, from PIE *enter- "between, among". 另见：undertake.
词源理解存争议。under-, 来自inter-变体，在里面，词源同interact, undertake,stand, 站立，立场，即站在里面的，同一立场的。引申词义理解，懂得。
- understand: [OE] The compound verb understand was formed in the centuries immediately preceding the Anglo-Saxon invasions of Britain. It is composed, of course, of under and stand, and the semantic link between ‘standing under’ something and ‘knowing about’ it may be ‘being close to’ it.
- understand (v.)
- Old English understandan "comprehend, grasp the idea of," probably literally "stand in the midst of," from under + standan "to stand" (see stand (v.)). If this is the meaning, the under is not the usual word meaning "beneath," but from Old English under, from PIE *nter- "between, among" (cognates: Sanskrit antar "among, between," Latin inter "between, among," Greek entera "intestines;" see inter-). Related: Understood; understanding.
That is the suggestion in Barnhart, but other sources regard the "among, between, before, in the presence of" sense of Old English prefix and preposition under as other meanings of the same word. "Among" seems to be the sense in many Old English compounds that resemble understand, such as underniman "to receive," undersecan "examine, investigate, scrutinize" (literally "underseek"), underðencan "consider, change one's mind," underginnan "to begin." It also seems to be the sense still in expressions such as under such circumstances.
Perhaps the ultimate sense is "be close to;" compare Greek epistamai "I know how, I know," literally "I stand upon." Similar formations are found in Old Frisian (understonda), Middle Danish (understande), while other Germanic languages use compounds meaning "stand before" (German verstehen, represented in Old English by forstanden "understand," also "oppose, withstand"). For this concept, most Indo-European languages use figurative extensions of compounds that literally mean "put together," or "separate," or "take, grasp" (see comprehend). Old English oferstandan, Middle English overstonden, literally "over-stand" seem to have been used only in literal senses. For "to stand under" in a physical sense, Old English had undergestandan.
- 1. It was clear Cohen didn't understand what Millard was driving at.
- 2. I thought, "Here'ssomeone who'll understand me." So I wrote to her.
- 3. "Please understand this," she began, a tremble in her voice.
- 4. What I did for you was free, gratis, you understand?
- 5. "I can understand how you feel," Desmond said with great reasonableness.
[ understand 造句 ]