- n. 树桩；残余部分；假肢
- vt. 砍伐；使为难；在…作巡回政治演说
- vi. 笨重地行走；发表竞选演说
- n. (Stump)人名；(英)斯顿普；(德)施通普
1. stub => stump.
2. large tree stumps being a natural perch for rural orators (this custom is attested from 1775).
3. => 发表竞选演说.
4. step => stump.
来自中古低地德语 stump,树桩，树墩， 来自 Proto-Germanic*stumpaz,树桩，树墩， 来自 PIE*stebh,支柱，支撑，来自 PIE*sta,站立，词源同 stand,staff.引申动词词义被树墩绊倒，比 喻义难倒等。stump 脚步沉重的走，跺脚走
来自 PIE*stebh,踩，踏，来自 PIE*sta,站立，词源同 stand,stamp,stomp.
- stump (n.)
- "part of a tree trunk left in the ground after felling," mid-15c. (implied from late 13c. in surnames); from mid-14c. as "remaining part of a severed arm or leg;" from or cognate with Middle Low German stump (from adjective meaning "mutilated, blunt, dull"), Middle Dutch stomp "stump," from Proto-Germanic *stamp- (cognates: Old Norse stumpr, Old High German stumph, German stumpf "stump," German Stummel "piece cut off"), from PIE *stebh- "post, stem; to support" (see step (v.).
- stump (v.)
- early 13c., "to stumble over a tree-stump or other obstacle" (obsolete), from the source of stump (n.). From 1590s as "reduce to a stump." Sense of "walk stiffly and clumsily" is first recorded c. 1600. Sense of "baffle, bring to a halt by obstacles or impediments" is first recorded 1807, American English, perhaps in reference to plowing newly cleared land, but compare earlier sense "to challenge, dare" (1766).
Meaning "go on a speaking tour during a political campaign" is from 1838, American English, from phrase stump speech (1820), large tree stumps being a natural perch for rural orators (this custom is attested from 1775), especially in new settlements. Related: Stumped; stumping.
- 1. The tramp produced a stump of candle from his deep pockets.
- 2. If you have a tree stump, check it for fungus.
- 3. The presidential candidates are on the stump today.
- 4. the stump of a pencil
- 5. He went on the stump in his home state.
[ stump 造句 ]