英 [ɪg'zem(p)t; eg-]
- vt. 免除；豁免
- adj. 被免除的；被豁免的
- n. 免税者；被免除义务者
CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL
ex-, 向外。-em, 拿出，带出，词源同example, sample. 即拿出来的，免除或豁免。
- exempt: see example
- exempt (adj.)
- late 14c., from Old French exempt (13c.) and directly from Latin exemptus, past participle of eximere "remove, take out, take away; free, release, deliver, make an exception of," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + emere "buy," originally "take," from PIE root *em- "to take, distribute" (cognates: Latin sumere "to take, obtain, buy," Old Church Slavonic imo "to take," Lithuanian imui, Sanskrit yamati "holds, subdues"). For sense shift from "take" to "buy," compare Old English sellan "to give," source of Modern English sell "to give in exchange for money;" Hebrew laqah "he bought," originally "he took;" and colloquial English I'll take it for "I'll buy it."
- exempt (v.)
- c. 1400, "to relieve or exempt," from Anglo-French and Middle French exempter, from exempt (adj.); see exempt (adj.). Related: Exempted; exempting.
- 1. The fund was in danger of losing its tax-exempt status.
- 2. Soldiers were exempt from paying rates.
- 3. Children under two years are exempt.
- 4. Men in college were exempt from military service.
- 5. The interest on the money is exempt from tax.
[ exempt 造句 ]