- n. [解剖] 结肠；冒号（用于引语、说明、例证等之前）；科郎（哥斯达黎加货币单位）
CET6+ TEM8 GRE
1.冒号，来自PIE*skel, 弯，转，词源同clavicle, scoliosis. 原指分岔，分枝。
- colon: There are two distinct words colon in English. Colon ‘part of the large intestine’  comes via Latin from Greek kólon, which meant ‘food, meat’ as well as ‘large intestine’. Colon the punctuation mark  comes via Latin from Greek kōlon, which originally meant literally ‘limb’. It was applied metaphorically (rather like foot) to a ‘unit of verse’, and hence to a ‘clause’ in general, meanings which survive in English as technical terms. From there it was a short step to the main present-day meaning, ‘punctuation mark’.
- colon (n.1)
- punctuation mark, 1540s, from Latin colon "part of a poem," from Greek kolon (with a long initial -o-) "part of a verse," literally "limb, member" (especially the leg, but also of a tree limb), also, figuratively, "a clause of a sentence," from PIE root *(s)kel- (3) "bent, crooked" (see scoliosis). Meaning evolved from "independent clause" to punctuation mark that sets it off.
- colon (n.2)
- "large intestine," late 14c., from Latinized form of Greek kolon (with a short initial -o-) "large intestine," which is of unknown origin.
- 1. Calcium may aid in the prevention of colon cancer.
- 2. Here, too, the colon must be followed by a dash.
- 这里也是一样, 应当在冒号后加破折号.
- 3. Dr Lee believes that men who exercise can halve their risk of cancer of the colon.
- 4. There is a colon omitted in this sentence.
- 5. The colon, or large intestine, distends and fills with gas.
[ colon 造句 ]