- n. 交通；运输；贸易；[通信] 通信量
- vt. 用…作交换；在…通行
- vi. 交易，买卖
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自意大利语 traffico,买卖，交易，来自 trafficare,买卖，交易，词源不详。可能来自 tra-,转 移，-fic,做，制造，词源同 fact,efficient.后引申词义交通，并成为主要词义。
- traffic:  The ultimate origins of traffic are not known. It was acquired from French traffique, which in turn was borrowed from Old Italian traffico, a derivative of the verb trafficare ‘trade’, but there the trail goes cold. It is generally assumed that the word’s first element goes back to the Latin prefix trāns- ‘across’.
- traffic (n.)
- c. 1500, "trade, commerce," from Middle French trafique (15c.), from Italian traffico (14c.), from trafficare "carry on trade," of uncertain origin, perhaps from a Vulgar Latin *transfricare "to rub across," from Latin trans- "across" (see trans-) + fricare "to rub" (see friction), with the original sense of the Italian verb being "touch repeatedly, handle."
Or the second element may be an unexplained alteration of Latin facere "to make, do." Klein suggests ultimate derivation of the Italian word from Arabic tafriq "distribution." Meaning "people and vehicles coming and going" first recorded 1825. Traffic jam is 1917, ousting earlier traffic block (1895). Traffic circle is from 1938.
- traffic (v.)
- 1540s, "to buy and sell," from traffic (n.) and preserving the original commercial sense. Related: Trafficked; trafficking; trafficker. The -k- is inserted to preserve the "k" sound of -c- before a suffix beginning in -i-, -y-, or -e- (compare picnic/picnicking, panic/panicky, shellacshellacked).
- 1. The volume of scheduled flights is straining the air traffic control system.
- 2. Southbound traffic tailed back for twenty miles on the M5 near Bristol.
- 3. The traffic on the approach road slowed to a crawl.
- 4. The wide road was blocked solid with traffic that moved along sluggishly.
- 5. Traffic into London on the M11 was backed up for several miles.
[ traffic 造句 ]