- n. 招聘；新兵；新成员
- vt. 补充；聘用；征募；使…恢复健康
- vi. 复原；征募新兵；得到补充；恢复健康
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1、replacing earlier recrew, recrue; or from obsolete French recrute, alteration of recreue or recrue.
2、字面含义：new growth, grow or increase again.
3、re- "again" + cruit-.
4、cre- => cru-; cret => crut-; crut- => cruit-.
- recruit:  Etymologically, a recruit is something that ‘grows again’. The word’s ultimate ancestor is Latin recrēscere ‘regrow’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘again’ and crēscere ‘grow’ (source of English crescent, increase, etc). This passed into French as recroître, whose feminine past participle in the standard language was recrue. In the dialect of northeastern France, however, it was recrute, and it was this, used as a noun meaning ‘new growth’, hence ‘reinforcement of troops’, that gave English recruit.
=> crescent, croissant, increase
- recruit (v.)
- 1630s, "to strengthen, reinforce," from French recruter (17c.), from recrute "a levy, a recruit" (see recruit (n.)). Sense of "to enlist new soldiers" is attested from 1650s; of student athletes, from 1913. Related: Recruited; recruiting.
- recruit (n.)
- "military reinforcement, one of a newly raised body of troops," 1640s, from recruit (v)., replacing earlier recrew, recrue; or from obsolete French recrute, alteration of recreue "a supply," recrue "a levy of troops" (late 16c.), Picardy or Hainault dialect variant of recrue "a levy, a recruit," literally "new growth," from Old French recreu (12c.), past participle of recreistre "grow or increase again," from re- "again" (see re-) + creistre "to grow," from Latin crescere "to grow" (see crescent). "The French word first appeared in literary use in gazettes published in Holland, and was disapproved of by French writers in the latter part of the 17th c." [OED]. The French word also is the source of Dutch recruut, German Recrut, Swedish rekryt.
- 1. Firms are now keen to hold on to the people they recruit.
- 2. He helped to recruit volunteers to go to Pakistan to fight.
- 3. The police are trying to recruit more officers from ethnic minorities.
- 4. This is a nationwide campaign to recruit women into trade unions.
- 5. The country's first act would be to recruit for the navy.
[ recruit 造句 ]