- n. 不和；争执；封地
- vi. 长期不和；长期争斗
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
2. foe => feud. equivalent to foe + -th.
PIE*peig, 敌对的，敌视的，词源同foe, fiend. -d, 同-th, 名词后缀。
- feud:  Feud signifies etymologically the ‘condition of being a foe’. It was borrowed from Old French fede or feide, and originally meant simply ‘hostility’; the modern sense ‘vendetta’ did not develop until the 15th century. The Old French word in turn was a borrowing from Old High German fēhida. This was a descendant of a prehistoric Germanic *faikhithō, a compound based on *faikh- ‘hostility’ (whence English foe).
Old English had a parallel descendant, fāhthu ‘enmity’, which appears to have died out before the Middle English period. It is not clear how the original Middle English form fede turned into modern English feud (the first signs of which began to appear in the late 16th century).
- feud (n.)
- c. 1300, fede "enmity, hatred, hostility," northern English and Scottish, ultimately (via an unrecorded Old English word or Old French fede, faide "war, raid, hostility, hatred, enmity, feud, (legal) vengeance," which is from Germanic) from Proto-Germanic *faihitho (compare Old High German fehida "contention, quarrel, feud"), noun of state from adjective *faiho- (cognates: Old English fæhð "enmity," fah "hostile;" German Fehde "feud;" Old Frisian feithe "enmity").
This is from PIE root *peig- (2), also *peik- "evil-minded, hostile" (see foe). Sense of "vendetta" is early 15c. Alteration of spelling in 16c. is unexplained. Meaning "state of hostility between families or clans" is from 1580s.
- feud (v.)
- 1670s, from feud (n.). Related: Feuded; feuding.
- 1. The feud with the Catholics goes back to the 11th century.
- 2. He also began a running feud with Dean Acheson.
- 3. a long-running feud between the two artists
- 4. Sadly, the feud sums up the relationship between Lord Bath and the man who succeeds him.
- 5. What were the beginnings of this tragic feud across the Rhine?
- 这次跨越来因河的悲剧的仇杀的开端是些什么 呢 ?
[ feud 造句 ]