- adj. 圣洁的，神圣的；至善的
- n. 神圣的东西
- n. (Holy)人名；(英、德、匈)霍利
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
holy a. 神圣的〔神圣的厚礼(谐音)〕
- holy: [OE] Holy originated as a derivative of the prehistoric Germanic adjective which produced modern English whole, and so its etymological meaning is perhaps ‘unimpaired, inviolate’. This ancestral form was *khailagaz, which diversified into German and Dutch heilig, Swedish helig, and Danish hellig as well as English holy. Hallow is essentially the same word, and compounds with holy as a now hidden component include hollyhock  as well as holiday.
=> hallow, holiday
- holy (adj.)
- Old English halig "holy, consecrated, sacred, godly," from Proto-Germanic *hailaga- (cognates: Old Norse heilagr, Old Frisian helich "holy," Old Saxon helag, Middle Dutch helich, Old High German heilag, German heilig, Gothic hailags "holy"). Adopted at conversion for Latin sanctus.
Primary (pre-Christian) meaning is not possible to determine, but probably it was "that must be preserved whole or intact, that cannot be transgressed or violated," and connected with Old English hal (see health) and Old High German heil "health, happiness, good luck" (source of the German salutation Heil). Holy water was in Old English. Holy has been used as an intensifying word from 1837; used in expletives since 1880s (such as holy smoke, 1883, holy mackerel, 1876, holy cow, 1914, holy moly etc.), most of them euphemisms for holy Christ or holy Moses.
- 1. The discovery is being hailed as The Holy Grail of astronomy.
- 2. Every year they put a play on at Saint Holy Cross Church.
- 3. At the festival, candles are blessed and sprinkled with holy water.
- 4. "Holy Mother of God!" Marco crossed himself.
- 5. To desecrate a holy spring is considered profanity.
[ holy 造句 ]