- n. 暴风雨；骚动；动乱
- vt. 使狂怒；扰乱，使激动
- vi. 小题大作；起大风暴
- n. (Tempest)人名；(英)坦皮斯特
来自拉丁语 tempestas,风暴，暴风雨，暴风雪，来自 tempus,时间，季节，词源同 temporal. 词义由一段时间引申为特殊的时间，恶劣天气，最后指暴风雨雪天气，即代表性的天气特征。 词义演变比较 meteor,meteorology.
- tempest:  Latin tempestās started off meaning nothing more alarming than ‘period of time’ (it was a derivative of tempus ‘time’, source of English temporary). Gradually, however, it progressed via ‘weather’ to ‘bad weather, storm’. Tempus moved in to take its place in the neutral sense ‘weather’, and provides the word for ‘weather’ in modern French (temps), Italian (tempo), Spanish (tiempo), and Romanian (timp). Other languages whose word for ‘weather’ comes from a term originally denoting ‘time’ include Russian (pogoda), Polish (czas), Czech (počasí), Latvian (laiks), and Breton (amzer).
- tempest (n.)
- "violent storm," late 13c., from Old French tempeste "storm; commotion, battle; epidemic, plague" (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *tempesta, from Latin tempestas "a storm; weather, season, time, point in time, season, period," also "commotion, disturbance," related to tempus "time, season" (see temporal).
Sense evolution is from "period of time" to "period of weather," to "bad weather" to "storm." Words for "weather" originally were words for "time" in languages from Russia to Brittany. Figurative sense of "violent commotion" in English is recorded from early 14c. Tempest in a teapot attested from 1818; the image in other forms is older, such as storm in a creambowl (1670s).
- 1. I hadn't foreseen the tempest my request would cause.
- 2. The takeover provoked a tempest of criticism.
- 3. The sailors took in sail when the tempest was approaching.
- 4. He won a tempest of applause when he ended his speech.
- 5. No tempest is capable of shattering his firm determination.
[ tempest 造句 ]