前缀ana-, 向上，向后。词根chron, 时间，见chronicle,编年史。
- anachronism:  The Greek prefix anameant ‘up’, and hence, in terms of time, ‘back’; Greek khrónos meant ‘time’ (as in English chronicle): hence Greek anakhronismós ‘reference to a wrong time’. From the point of view of its derivation it should strictly be applied to the representation of something as happening earlier than it really did (as if Christ were painted wearing a wristwatch), but in practice, ever since the Greek term’s adoption into English, it has also been used for things surviving beyond their due time.
- anachronism (n.)
- 1640s, "an error in computing time or finding dates," from Latin anachronismus, from Greek anakhronismos, from anakhronizein "refer to wrong time," from ana- "against" (see ana-) + khronos "time" (see chrono-). Meaning "something out of harmony with the present" first recorded 1816.
- 1. The President tended to regard the Church as an anachronism.
- 2. The monarchy is seen by many people as an anachronism in the modern world.
- 3. The last paragraph contains an anachronism. The Holy Office no longer existed at that time.
- 4. He is interested in the spirit of the play, and he is not averse to throwing in an anachronism or two if he thinks it will help underscore a point.
- 他对戏剧所体现的精神很感兴趣,如果有助于强调一个观点的话, 他并不反对有一两个时代错误.
- 5. The monarchy is seen by some as an anachronism in present - day society.
[ anachronism 造句 ]