- n. 霉；霉病
- vt. 使发霉
- vi. 发霉；生霉
1. Melissa => mil- "honey" + dew => honeydew, nectar.
3. Greek meli "honey", Latin mel "honey".
- mildew: [OE] Mildew originally meant ‘honeydew’ (which is a sort of sticky substance exuded by aphids and similar insects on to leaves). It is a compound noun formed in the prehistoric Germanic period from *melith ‘honey’ (a relative of Latin mel ‘honey’, source of English mellifluous and molasses) and *daw-waz, ancestor of English dew. The metaphorical transference from ‘honey-dew’ to a less pleasant, fungal growth on plants, etc took place in the 14th century.
=> dew, mellifluous, molasses
- mildew (n.)
- mid-13c., mildeu "honeydew, nectar," from Old English meledeaw "honeydew" (sticky stuff exuded by aphids), from Proto-Germanic compound of *melith "honey" (see Melissa) + *dawwaz "dew" (see dew). Similar formation in Old Saxon milidou, Dutch meeldauw, German Meltau "mildew."
First element in many cases assimilated to forms of meal (n.2) "ground grain." As a kind of fungus it is first recorded mid-14c., so called from its being sticky and originally growing in plants. As a verb from 1550s. Related: Mildewed.
- 1. He was already asleep in the bed, which smelled faintly of mildew.
- 2. The grain is liable to mildew when the humidity in the barn is too high.
- 3. The room smelled of mildew.
- 4. The interior was dark and smelled of mildew.
- 5. Mildew may form in this weather.
[ mildew 造句 ]