- vt. 雕，刻；凿；欺骗
- vi. 雕，刻；凿；欺骗
- n. 凿子
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
来自词根cid, 砍，劈，词源同decide, excise.
- chisel:  Chisel and scissors are related, for both come ultimately from Latin caedere ‘cut’ (source of a range of other English words from cement to concise and decide). From its past participle caesus was formed an unrecorded Vulgar Latin term for a cutting tool, probably *caesellus. This must have become changed at some point to *cīsellus, probably under the influence of late Latin cīsōrium (source of English scissors), itself derived from caedere. This passed into Old Northern French as chisel, and thence into English. (The modern French equivalent, in the plural, is ciseaux ‘scissors’.)
=> cement, concise, decide, precise, scissors
- chisel (n.)
- early 14c., from Anglo-French cisel, Old French cisel "chisel," in plural, "scissors, shears" (12c., Modern French ciseau), from Vulgar Latin *cisellum "cutting tool," from Latin caesellum, diminutive of caesus, past participle of caedere "to cut" (see -cide). Related: Chiseled; chiseling.
- chisel (v.)
- c. 1500, "to break with a chisel," from chisel (n.). Slang sense of "to cheat, defraud" is first recorded in 1808 as chizzel; origin and connection to the older word are obscure (compare slang sense of gouge); chiseler in this sense is from 1918. Related: Chiseled; chiseling.
- 1. He used a hammer and chisel to chip away at the wall.
- 2. This chisel is useful for getting into awkward spaces.
- 3. This will answer for a chisel.
- 4. Camille used a hammer and chisel to carve out a figure from the marble.
- 5. They sit and chisel the stone to size.
[ chisel 造句 ]