- vi. 收缩；感染；订约
- vt. 感染；订约；使缩短
- n. 合同；婚约
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、con- "together" + tract-.
2、字面意思为： draw together. => combine, make an agreement.
con-, 强调。-tract, 拉，拉紧，词源同attract, retreat. 引申义确立条款，签订合同。
- contract:  English acquired the word contract in stages, although in all cases the ultimate source was contractus, the past participle of Latin contrahere, a compound verb formed from the prefix com- ‘together’ and trahere ‘pull, draw’ (source of English traction and tractor). This meant literally ‘pull together’, but it had a variety of metaphorical senses, including ‘bring about’ and ‘enter into an agreement’, and it was the latter which first passed into English via Old French as a noun meaning ‘mutual agreement’.
The arrival of the verb contract did not happen until the 16th century; it developed from an earlier adjective contract, which came again from Old French contract. This introduced a further sense of Latin contrahere; ‘become narrowed, get smaller’.
=> distract, retract, traction, tractor
- contract (v.)
- late 14c., "make narrow, draw together;" early 15c. "make an agreement;" from Middle French contracter, from Latin contractus, past participle of contrahere "to draw together, combine, make an agreement" (see contract (n.)). Related: Contracted; contracting.
- contract (n.)
- early 14c., from Old French contract (Modern French contrat), from Latin contractus "a contract, agreement," from past participle of contrahere "to draw together," metaphorically, "to make a bargain," from com- "together" (see com-) + trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). U.S. underworld sense of "arrangement to kill someone" first recorded 1940.
- 1. A formal contract is signed which is renewable annually.
- 2. That contract proved to be a millstone around his neck.
- 3. The contract was awarded to a previously unknown company.
- 4. She's coining it in with a $10 million contract with Revlon.
- 5. They can transfer or share the contract with whosoever they choose.
[ contract 造句 ]