来自拉丁语 intestinum rectum,直肠，来自 intestinum,肠，词源同 intestinal,rectum,直，词源同 rectangle.
- rectum:  Rectum is one of a range of words bequeathed to English by Latin rēctus ‘straight, correct’ (a distant relative of English right). Others include rectangle , rectify , and rectitude . Rectum itself is short for rēctum intestīnum ‘straight intestine’ – a term contrasting the rectum with the convolutions of the remainder of the intestines.
=> direct, rectify, rectitude, right
- rectum (n.)
- early 15c., from Latin intestinum rectum "straight intestine," in contrast to the convolution of the rest of the bowels, from neuter past participle of regere "to straighten" (see regal). A loan-translation of Greek apeuthysmeon enteron, "the name given to the lowest part of the large intestine by Galen, who so called it because he dissected only animals whose rectum (in contradistinction to that of man) is really straight" [Klein].
- 1. Treatment sometimes involves removing the large intestine including the rectum.
- 2. Then the lining is separated from the rectum's muscular wall.
- 3. The patient's temperature should be obtained by rectum.
- 4. Hard plastic enema tips can perforate the rectum.
- 5. In the new operation, the surgeon removes the colon but leaves the rectum in place.
- 在新的治疗手术中, 外科医生去掉结肠,但将直肠保留在原位.
[ rectum 造句 ]