- n. 份额；许多；命运；阄
- adv. （与形容词和副词连用）很，非常；（与动词连用）非常
- pron. 大量，许多
- vt. 分组，把…划分（常与out连用）；把（土地）划分成块
- vi. 抽签，拈阄
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自hlot,用于抽签的小物件，骰子，草，木条等，词源不详。可能来自PIE*kel,砍，切，词源同clone,cleric,clastic.并引申诸多词义。常见于词组a lot of,即一块，一批，大量的。
- lot: [OE] Lot goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *khlut-, which appears to have denoted the use of objects to make decisions by chance (Old English hlot was used for such an object). The first inklings of the modern range of senses did not emerge until the 18th century, when lot began to be used for a ‘set of things’. ‘Large number, many’ followed in the 19th century. The Germanic word was borrowed into the Romance languages, and of its descendants English has acquired allot  (from Old French) and lotto  (from Italian). Lottery  comes from the Dutch derivative loterij.
=> allot, lottery, lotto
- lot (n.)
- Old English hlot "object (anything from dice to straw, but often a chip of wood with a name inscribed on it) used to determine someone's share," also "what falls to a person by lot," from Proto-Germanic *khlutom (cognates: Old Norse hlutr "lot, share," Old Frisian hlot "lot," Old Saxon hlot, Middle Dutch, Dutch lot, Old High German hluz "share of land," German Los; Old English hleotan "to cast lots, to foretell"), of unknown origin. The object was placed with others in a receptacle, which was shaken, the winner being the one that fell out first. Hence, to cast lots. In some cases the lots were drawn by hand. The word was adopted from Germanic into the Romanic languages (compare lottery, lotto). Meaning "choice resulting from the casting of lots" first attested c. 1200.
Sense of "plot of land" is first recorded 1630s (distribution of the best property in new settlements often determined by casting lots), that of "group, collection" is 1725, from notion of auction lots. The generalized sense of "great many" is first attested in 1812. To cast (one's) lot with another is to agree to share winnings.
- 1. I got quite a lot of ribbing from my team-mates.
- 2. I get very nervous because I'm using a lot of expensive equipment.
- 3. Do you sweat a lot or flush a lot?
- 4. The victim suffered a dreadful injury and lost a lot of blood.
- 5. A block up the street I found a parking lot.
[ lot 造句 ]