1. pre- "before, forth" + cipit- => precipit- => precipic- (进入法语后的音变变体) + -e => precipice.
- precipice:  The etymological notion underlying precipice is of falling ‘headlong’. It comes via French précipice from Latin praecipitium ‘headlong fall, steep place’. This was derived from praecipitāre ‘throw headlong’ (source of English precipitate  and precipitous ), a verb based on the adjective praeceps ‘headlong, steep’. This in turn was a compound formed from the prefix prae- ‘in front’ and caput ‘head’ (source of English capital, captain, etc).
=> capital, captain, chief
- precipice (n.)
- "steep face of rock," 1630s, from Middle French précipice, from Latin praecipitium "a steep place," literally "a fall or leap," from praeceps (genitive praecipitis) "steep, headlong, headfirst," from prae "before, forth" (see pre-) + caput "head" (see head (n.)). Earlier in English as a verb (1590s) meaning "fall to great depth."
- 1. The hut hung half over the edge of the precipice.
- 2. They were perilously close to the edge of the precipice.
- 3. A slight carelessness on this precipice could cost a man his life.
- 4. Watching him climb up the precipice, everybody was breathless with anxiety.
- 看着他往悬崖上爬, 大家都捏一把汗.
- 5. The climber fell down a precipice.
[ precipice 造句 ]