- n. 旅行皮箱；混成词
- adj. 多用途的，多性质的
- portmanteau:  A portmanteau is etymologically something for ‘carrying one’s mantle’ in. The word was borrowed from French portemanteau, a compound formed from porter ‘carry’ and manteau ‘cloak’ (source of English mantle). This originally denoted a ‘court official whose duty was to carry the king’s cloak’, but it was also applied to the bag in which he carried it, and hence eventually to any bag for carrying clothes and other items needed on a journey.
=> mantle, port
- portmanteau (n.)
- 1580s, "traveling case or bag for clothes and other necessaries," from Middle French portemanteau "traveling bag," originally "court official who carried a prince's mantle" (1540s), from porte, imperative of porter "to carry" (see porter (n.1)) + manteau "cloak" (see mantle (n.)).
Portmanteau word "word blending the sound of two different words" (1882), coined by "Lewis Carroll" (Charles L. Dodgson, 1832-1898) for the sort of words he invented for "Jabberwocky," on notion of "two meanings packed up into one word." As a noun in this sense from 1872.
- 1. I rang the bell, and directed my servant to pack my portmanteau.
- 我打了铃, 吩咐听差把我的旅行皮包收拾好.
- 2. There are some worthless articles of clothing in the old portmanteau.
- 3. He always carries this portmanteau with him when he goes abroad.
- 4. Stagflation is portmanteau word made of stagnation and inflation.
- 5. Soviet bureaucratese, especially the tongue - twisting acronyms and alien - sounding portmanteau words of the state security apparatus ( Strobe Talbott )
- 苏联官僚语言, 尤其是描述保安体制的绕口的首字母简略词和外来语组合词 ( 斯特罗布塔尔博特 )
[ portmanteau 造句 ]