TEM8 IELTS GRE
1. win => vin- + dic- + -ate.
- vindicate:  Latin vindex meant ‘claimant, defender, avenger’. From it was derived vindicāre ‘claim, defend, revenge’, which gave English vindicate, as well as (via French) avenge , revenge , and vengeance . Vindicāre in turn formed the basis of vindicta ‘vengeance’, from which English gets vindictive  and (via Italian) vendetta .
=> avenge, revenge, vendetta, vengeance, vindictive
- vindicate (v.)
- 1620s, "to avenge or revenge," from Latin vindicatus, past participle of vindicare "to stake a claim; to liberate; to act as avenger" (see vindication). Meaning "to clear from censure or doubt, by means of demonstration" is recorded from 1630s. Related: Vindicated, vindicating.
- 1. He tried hard to vindicate his honor.
- 2. There are other arguments I might adduce to vindicate Shakespeare's authorship.
- 3. You must stop imagining that posterity will vindicate you.
- 4. I must vindicate a claim to philosophical reflectiveness.
- 5. He therefore resolved to vindicate national sovereignty by bringing great combinations to book.
[ vindicate 造句 ]