- adj. 世俗的；长期的；现世的；不朽的
- n. 修道院外的教士，(对宗教家而言的) 俗人
CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
5. sec=soc——social-社会的 => 世俗的小社会。
来自拉丁语 saecularis,现时的，现世的，来自 saeculum,现时，现世，可能来自 PIE*se,播种， 耕种，词源同 seed,semen.-cul,-culum,工具格后缀，词源同 oracle,hibernacle.比喻用法，即相 比于神和宗教的永恒，种子只有一次生命过程，引申词义世俗的，非宗教的。
- secular:  Latin saeculum, a word of uncertain origin, meant ‘generation, age’. It was used in early Christian texts for the ‘temporal world’ (as opposed to the ‘spiritual world’), and that was the sense in which its derived adjective saeculāris passed via Old French seculer into English. The more familiar modern English meaning ‘non-religious’ emerged in the 16th century.
- secular (adj.)
- c. 1300, "living in the world, not belonging to a religious order," also "belonging to the state," from Old French seculer (Modern French séculier), from Late Latin saecularis "worldly, secular, pertaining to a generation or age," from Latin saecularis "of an age, occurring once in an age," from saeculum "age, span of time, generation."
According to Watkins, this is probably from PIE *sai-tlo-, with instrumental element *-tlo- + *sai- "to bind, tie" (see sinew), extended metaphorically to successive human generations as links in the chain of life. Another theory connects it with words for "seed," from PIE root *se- "to sow" (see sow (v.), and compare Gothic mana-seþs "mankind, world," literally "seed of men").
Used in ecclesiastical writing like Greek aion "of this world" (see cosmos). It is source of French siècle. Ancient Roman ludi saeculares was a three-day, day-and-night celebration coming once in an "age" (120 years). In English, in reference to humanism and the exclusion of belief in God from matters of ethics and morality, from 1850s.
- 1. The church can only go so far in secular matters.
- 2. Ours is a secular society.
- 3. We live in an increasingly secular society.
- 4. Mexico is a secular state and does not have diplomatic relations with the Vatican.
- 5. Cardinal Daly has said that churches should not be used for profane or secular purposes.
[ secular 造句 ]