- n. 种类；方式；品质
- vi. 分类；协调；交往
- vt. 将…分类；将…排序；挑选出某物
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古法语 sorte,种类，类别，来自拉丁语 sors,类别，分类，命运，抽签，来自 PIE*ser,安 排，排列，词源同 series,insert.
- sort:  Latin sors originally denoted a ‘piece of wood used for drawing lots’ (it is the source of English sorcerer). It later developed metaphorically into ‘that which is allotted to one by fate’, and hence one’s ‘fortune’ or ‘condition’, and by the time it had turned into *sorta, in the post-Latin precursor of the Romance languages, its meaning had evolved further to ‘rank, class, order’. It was this sense that reached English, via Old French sorte. The notion of ‘arranging into classes’ underlies the verb sort, and also the derived assort . From the same source comes consort .
=> assort, consort, sorcerer
- sort (n.)
- late 14c., "group of people, animals, etc.; kind or variety of person or animal," from Old French sorte "class, kind," from Latin sortem (nominative sors) "lot; fate, destiny; share, portion; rank, category; sex, class, oracular response, prophecy," from PIE root *ser- (3) "to line up" (cognates: Latin serere "to arrange, attach, join;" see series). The sense evolution in Vulgar Latin is from "what is allotted to one by fate," to "fortune, condition," to "rank, class, order." Later (mid-15c.) "group, class, or category of items; kind or variety of thing; pattern, design." Out of sorts "not in usual good condition" is attested from 1620s, with literal sense of "out of stock."
- sort (v.)
- mid-14c., "to arrange according to type or quality," from Old French sortir "allot, sort, assort," from Latin sortiri "draw lots, divide, choose," from sors (see sort (n.)). In some senses, the verb is a shortened form of assort.
- 1. I really feel aggrieved at this sort of thing.
- 2. You can't put that sort of fear into words.
- 3. Just how much kneading is required depends on the sort of flour.
- 4. Why don't you come home with me until you sort things out?
- 5. Minorca is the sort of place that caters for families.
[ sort 造句 ]