CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语drit, 粪便，来自PIE*dhreyd, 腹泄。引申义污物，烂泥。其日耳曼同源词词义集中在粪便，鸟粪，屎等。
- dirt:  Dirt was originally drit, and meant ‘excrement’ (it was borrowed from Old Norse drit, which goes back to a prehistoric Germanic base *drit- that also produced Dutch dreet ‘excrement’). The toned-down sense ‘soiling substance’ is of equal antiquity with ‘excrement’ in English, and the modern English form dirt first appeared in the 15th century, by a process known as metathesis in which two sounds are reversed.
- dirt (n.)
- 15c. metathesis of Middle English drit, drytt "mud, dirt, dung" (c. 1300), from Old Norse drit, cognate with Old English dritan "to void excrement," from Proto-Germanic *dritan (cognates: Dutch drijten, Old High German trizan). Used abusively of persons from c. 1300. Meaning "gossip" first attested 1926 (in Hemingway); dirt bike is 1960s. Dirt-cheap is from 1821. Dirt road attested by 1852.
- 1. He claims Pasolini overtook and tackled him, pushing him into the dirt.
- 2. A group of riders came into view on the dirt road.
- 3. They're always selling off stuff like that dirt cheap.
- 4. Most of the dirt was on the outside of the tinted glass.
- 5. The rooster chased me across the dirt floor of the barn.
[ dirt 造句 ]