- adj. 严厉的；严酷的；刺耳的；粗糙的；刺目的
- n. (Harsh)人名；(英)哈什
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. hair => harsh, literally "hairy".
2. hair => har- + -sh => harsh.
3. 根据词源可以看成是 hairish 简化、缩略而来。字母i都被略掉。
- harsh:  Harsh originally meant ‘hairy’. Its ancestor, Middle Low German harsch, was a derivative of the noun haer ‘hair’, and its exact English equivalent would have been hairish. By the time English acquired it, it had broadened out in meaning to ‘rough’, both literally and figuratively.
- harsh (adj.)
- originally of texture, "hairy," 1530s, probably from Middle English harske "rough, coarse, sour" (c. 1300), a northern word of Scandinavian origin (compare Danish and Norwegian harsk "rancid, rank"), related to Middle Low German harsch "rough, raw," German harst "a rake;" perhaps from PIE root *kars- "to scrape, scratch, rub, card" (cognates: Lithuanian karsiu "to comb," Old Church Slavonic krasta, Russian korosta "to itch," Latin carduus "thistle," Sanskrit kasati "rubs, scratches"). Meaning "offensive to feelings" is from 1570s; that of "disagreeable, rude" from 1610s.
- harsh (v.)
- 1580s, "sound harshly," from harsh (adj.). Meaning "make harsh, subject to harshness" is by 1991. Related: Harshed; harshing. Harshen is attested from 1821.
- 1. His voice was harsh as he enunciated each word carefully.
- 2. The light's a bit too harsh. You can turn it off.
- 3. I hope you won'tbe too harsh with the girl.
- 4. The fabric is strong enough to withstand harsh processing.
- 5. Issa's white beach hat gleamed in the harsh lights.
[ harsh 造句 ]