- n. 匙，勺子；一杓的量
- vt. 用匙舀；使成匙状
- vi. 轻轻向上击
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. spoon <====> spade.
来自中古英语 spone,勺，匙，木片，来自古英语 spon,木片，削片，来自 Proto-Germanic*spenuz, 木片，削片，来自 PIE*spe,长木条，词源同 spade.
- spoon: [OE] The word spoon originally denoted ‘chip of wood’. Such chips typically being slightly concave, they could be used for conveying liquid, and by the 14th century spoon, through Scandinavian influence, was being used in its present-day sense. It goes back ultimately to the same prehistoric base as produced English spade, and its Old Norse relative spánn ‘chip’ lies behind the span of spick and span. The late 19th-century slang use ‘court, make love, bill and coo’ comes from a late 18th-century application of the noun to a ‘shallow’ or foolish person.
- spoon (n.)
- Old English spon "chip, sliver, shaving, splinter of wood," from Proto-Germanic *spe-nu- (cognates: Old Norse spann, sponn "chip, splinter," Swedish spån "a wooden spoon," Old Frisian spon, Middle Dutch spaen, Dutch spaan, Old High German span, German Span "chip, splinter"), from PIE *spe- (2) "long, flat piece of wood" (cognates: Greek spathe "spade," also possibly Greek sphen "wedge").
As the word for a type of eating utensil, c. 1300 in English (in Old English such a thing might be a metesticca), in this sense supposed to be from Old Norse sponn, which meant "spoon" as well as "chip, tile." The "eating utensil" sense is specific to Middle English and Scandinavian, though Middle Low German spon also meant "wooden spatula." To be born with a silver spoon in one's mouth is from at least 1719 (Goldsmith, 1765, has: "one man is born with a silver spoon in his mouth, and another with a wooden ladle").
- spoon (v.)
- 1715, "to dish out with a spoon," from spoon (n.). The meaning "court, flirt sentimentally" is first recorded 1831, a back-formation from spoony (adj.) "soft, silly, weak-minded, foolishly sentimental." Related: Spooned; spooning.
- 1. Smooth the mixture with the back of a soup spoon.
- 2. They were less willing to be spoon-fed doctrines from Japan.
- 3. Jarvis took the wooden spoon in the first tournament.
- 4. Remove the cover and spoon some of the sauce into a bowl.
- 5. Work the oil gradually into the yolks with a wooden spoon.
[ spoon 造句 ]