英 [ɪg'zɪst; eg-]
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
ex-, 向外。-sist, 站，立足，词源同extant, assist. 即站出来的，存在的。
- exist:  The ‘existential’ use of exist is a secondary development; to begin with it had the more concrete meaning ‘stand out, so as to be perceptible’. It comes from Latin existere, a compound verb formed from the prefix ex- ‘out’ and sistere ‘be placed, stand firm or still’ (a distant relative of English stand). Its original sense ‘stand out, stand forth’ developed through ‘emerge’ and ‘be visible’ to ‘exist’. The available evidence suggests that it entered English at a surprisingly late date, some centuries after the derivative existence  (of which the English verb may be a backformation).
=> stand, statue
- exist (v.)
- c. 1600, from French exister (17c.), from Latin existere/exsistere "to step out, stand forth, emerge, appear; exist, be" (see existence). "The late appearance of the word is remarkable" [OED]. Related: Existed; existing.
- 1. I would have to learn, little by little, to exist alone.
- 2. For all practical purposes the treaty has already ceased to exist.
- 3. He thought that if he couldn't see something, it didn't exist.
- 4. I exist from one visit to the next.
- 5. Various insurance schemes already exist for this purpose.
[ exist 造句 ]