- adj. 填鸭式学的
- vi. 狼吞虎咽地吃东西；死记硬背功课
- vt. 填满，塞满；死记硬背；猛吃
- n. 死记硬背；极度拥挤
- n. (Cram)人名；(英、德)克拉姆
CET6+ TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. from Middle English crammen, from Old English crammian "press something into something else," from PIE base *grem- "press, squeeze", which is an enlargement of PIE base *ger- "gather together".
2. cram ：和cream一起记。不论是麦当劳，还是肯德基，ice cream都给得很充足=填满，塞满
来自PIE*ger, 围，集中，词源同cramp, gregarious.
- cram: [OE] Prehistoric Germanic had a base *kram-, *krem- which denoted ‘compression’ or ‘bending’. Among its descendants were Old Norse kremja ‘squeeze, pinch’, German krumm ‘crooked’ (source of English crumhorn , a curved Renaissance musical instrument), and Old English crammian (ancestor of cram), which meant ‘press something into something else, stuff’.
An extension of the base with p (*kramp-, *kremp-) produced Middle Low German and Middle Dutch krampe ‘bent’, one or other of which was borrowed by Old French as crampe and passed on to English as cramp  (crampon  comes from a related source). Other products of the Germanic base were Old English crumb ‘crooked’, a possible ancestor of crumpet, and perhaps crimp .
A nonnasalized version of the base produced Germanic *krappon ‘hook’, source of grape and grapnel.
=> crampon, crimp, crumhorn, crumpet, grape, grapnel
- cram (v.)
- Old English crammian "press something into something else," from Proto-Germanic *kram-/*krem- (cognates: Old High German krimman "to press, pinch," Old Norse kremja "to squeeze, pinch"), from PIE root *ger- "to gather" (see gregarious). Meaning "study intensely for an exam" originally was British student slang first recorded 1803. Related: Crammed; cramming.
- 1. It's difficult to cram everything into a tight schedule.
- 2. There was such a cram in the church.
- 3. This paper reveals the internal relations and properties of the Cayley - Monger determinant and Cram determinant.
- 4. " Cram then if you want.
- " 随你去抽筋吧.
来自英汉文学 - 老人与海
- 5. The room's full; we can't cram any more people in.
- 屋里满满的, 再也挤不进去人了.
[ cram 造句 ]