- vi. 统治；管辖；裁定
- n. 统治；规则
- vt. 统治；规定；管理；裁决；支配
- n. (Rule)人名；(英)鲁尔；(塞)鲁莱
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
缩写自拉丁语 regula,直尺，规则，来自拉丁语 regere,拉直，管理，词源同 regulate.引申诸相 关词义。
- rule:  Rule is one of a largish family of English words that go back ultimately to Latin rēgula ‘straight stick, ruler, rule, pattern’ (whose close relatives rēx ‘king’ and regere ‘rule’ have also contributed royally to English vocabulary in the form of rector, regent, regiment, royal, etc). Derivatives have produced regular and regulate, while rēgula itself has given rail ‘bar’ and, via Vulgar Latin *regula and Old French reule, rule.
=> rail, raj, rector, regal, regent, regular, regulate, royal
- rule (n.)
- c. 1200, "principle or maxim governing conduct, formula to which conduct must be conformed" from Old French riule, Norman reule "rule, custom, (religious) order" (in Modern French partially re-Latinized as règle), from Vulgar Latin *regula, from Latin regula "straight stick, bar, ruler;" figuratively "a pattern, a model," related to regere "to rule, straighten, guide" (see regal). Replaced Old English wealdan.
Meaning "regulation governing play of a game, etc." is from 1690s. Phrase rule of thumb first attested 1690s. Rule of law "supremacy of impartial and well-defined laws to any individual's power" is from 1883. Meaning "strip used for making straight lines or measuring" is recorded from mid-14c. Typography sense is attested from 1680s.
- rule (v.)
- c. 1200, "to control, guide, direct," from Old French riuler "impose rule," from Latin regulare (see regulate). Legal sense "establish by decision" is recorded from early 15c. Meaning "mark with lines" is from 1590s. Meaning "to dominate, prevail" is from 1874. "Rule Brittania," patriotic song, is from 1740. Related: Ruled; ruling.
- 1. Ministers took the floor to denounce the decision to suspend constitutional rule.
- 2. Senior officers could be considering a coup to restore authoritarian rule.
- 3. The North has been under Communist rule since 1954.
- 4. One rule specifies that learner drivers must be supervised by adults.
- 5. The rule applies where a person owns stock in a corporation.
[ rule 造句 ]