- vt. 使投降；放弃；交出；听任
- vi. 投降；屈服；自首
- n. 投降；放弃；交出；屈服
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
sur-,在上，向上，render,给回，返还，给予，递交。原指放弃，交出，后引申词义投降，屈 服等，且成为主要词义。词义演变比较 give up.
- surrender:  To surrender is etymologically to ‘give up’. The word was borrowed from Old French surrendre ‘deliver over, give up’, a compound verb formed from the prefix sur- ‘over’ and rendre ‘give, deliver’ (source of English render).
- surrender (v.)
- mid-15c., "to give (something) up," from Old French surrendre "give up, deliver over" (13c.), from sur- "over" (see sur- (1)) + rendre "give back" (see render (v.)). Reflexive sense of "to give oneself up" (especially as a prisoner) is from 1580s. Related: Surrendered; surrendering.
- surrender (n.)
- early 15c., in law, "a giving up" (of an estate, land grant, interest in property, etc.), from Anglo-French surrendre, Old French surrendre noun use of infinitive, "give up, deliver over" (see surrender (v.)).
- 1. Which do they want me to do? declare war or surrender?
- 2. The rebels are emphatic that this is not a surrender.
- 3. General Martin Bonnet called on the rebels to surrender.
- 4. Depression is a partial surrender to death.
- 5. They had no thought of surrender.
[ surrender 造句 ]