英 ['brɪtʃɪz; briːtʃɪz] 美 ['brɪtʃɪz]
  • n. 马裤(裤脚束紧长及膝部的裤子);炮尾(breech的复数)
  • v. 给…穿上裤子;打…的屁股;以驻退索缚牢(breech的第三人称单数)
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breeches 马裤

词源同break, 分开。形容马裤的形状。

breeches: [OE] The theoretical singular of this word, breech, comes from a form which in Old English was plural – brēc. Its unrecorded singular, which would have been *brōc, came from a prehistoric West and North Germanic *brōks. The word’s ultimate origin is not known, although some connect it with break; and it is possible that it was borrowed early on into Gaulish as brāca, the probable source of English bracket. The Old Norse descendant of the Germanic form, brók, was not only partly responsible for the Scottish version of breeches, breeks, but is also the source of brogue.
=> brogue
breeches (n.)
c. 1200, a double plural, from Old English brec "breeches," which already was plural of broc "garment for the legs and trunk," from Proto-Germanic *brokiz (cognates: Old Norse brok, Dutch broek, Danish brog, Old High German bruoh, German Bruch, obsolete since 18c. except in Swiss dialect), perhaps from PIE root *bhreg- (see break (v.)). The Proto-Germanic word is a parallel form to Celtic *bracca, source (via Gaulish) of Latin braca (aource of French braies), and some propose that the Germanic word group is borrowed from Gallo-Latin, others that the Celtic was from Germanic.

Expanded sense of "part of the body covered by breeches, posterior" led to senses in childbirthing (1670s) and gunnery ("the part of a firearm behind the bore," 1570s). As the popular word for "trousers" in English, displaced in U.S. c. 1840 by pants. The Breeches Bible (Geneva Bible of 1560) so called on account of rendition of Gen. iii:7 (already in Wyclif) "They sewed figge leaues together, and made themselues breeches."
1. a pair of breeches


2. The basic forms of jacket, vest, and breeches developed slowly.
上衣 、 背心 、 马裤的基本式样发展很缓慢.


3. When she was made monitor, she soon got too big for her breeches.
她一当上班长, 马上就目中无人了.


4. Mrs. Costello wears the breeches in that house.


5. The reins and the breeches of the groom are glittering white.


[ breeches 造句 ]