- vt. 开始（调查）；制定；创立；提起（诉讼）
- n. 学会，协会；学院
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- institute:  An institute is etymologically something ‘established’ or ‘set up’. Its ancestor is Latin instituere ‘establish’, a compound verb formed from the prefix in- and statuere ‘set up’ (itself a derivative of stāre ‘stand’ and source of English prostitute, statute, etc). The noun derived from this was institūtum, which meant ‘purpose, plan, practice’.
Word and senses were taken over as a package by English, but these meanings are now dead or dying, having been taken over since the 19th century by ‘organization that promotes a particular cause or pursuit’ (this originated in French at the end of the 18th century). The verb institute, however, remains far closer to the original Latin meaning.
=> prostitute, stand, station, statute
- institute (v.)
- early 14c., "to establish in office, appoint," from Latin institutus, past participle of instituere "to set up," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + statuere "establish, to cause to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand," with derivatives meaning "place or thing that is standing" (see stet). General sense of "set up, found, introduce" first attested late 15c. Related: Instituted; instituting.
- institute (n.)
- 1510s, "purpose, design," from institute (v.). From 1540s as "an established law." The sense of "organization, society" is from 1828, borrowed from French Institut national des Sciences et des Arts, established 1795 to replace the royal academies, from Latin institutum, neuter past participle of instituere.
- 1. The Institute of Export now fears that 100,000 jobs will go.
- 2. He visited the Institute of Neurology in Havana where they both worked.
- 3. At the Curtis Institute he studied conducting with Fritz Reiner.
- 4. He got a scholarship to the Pratt Institute of Art.
- 5. Individuals can enrol on self-study courses in the university's language institute.
[ institute 造句 ]