- vt. 即兴创作；即兴表演；临时做；临时提供
- vi. 即兴创作；即兴表演；临时凑合
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
- improvise:  Etymologically, if you improvise something, it is because it has not been ‘provided’ for in advance. The word comes via French improviser from the Italian adjective improvviso ‘extempore’, a descendant of Latin imprōvīsus ‘unforeseen’. This in turn was formed from the negative prefix in- and the past participle of prōvīdere ‘foresee’ (source of English provide).
The earliest recorded use of the verb in English is by Benjamin Disraeli in Vivian Grey 1826: ‘He possessed also the singular faculty of being able to improvise quotations’. (The closely related improvident ‘not providing for the future’  preserves even more closely the sense of its Latin original.)
- improvise (v.)
- 1826, back-formation from improvisation, or else from French improviser (17c.), from Italian improvisare "to sing or speak extempore," from improviso, from Latin improvisus "unforeseen, unexpected" (see improvisation). Or possibly a back-formation from improvisation. Related: Improvised; improvising.
- 1. They show no disposition to improvise or to take risks.
- 2. Sometimes I improvise and change the words because I forget them.
- 3. I then begin to improvise melodies vocally.
- 4. There isn't much equipment. We're going to have to improvise.
- 5. The church organist may improvise on a ground bass.
[ improvise 造句 ]