英 ['fʊlmɪneɪt; 'fʌl-]
- vi. 爆炸；电闪；怒喝
- vt. 使爆发；以严词谴责
- n. 雷酸盐；烈性炸药
来自PIE*bhel, 发光，照耀，词源同blaze, fulgent. 引申词义怒火，愤怒谴责。
- fulminate:  Etymologically, fulminate means ‘strike with lightning’. It comes from Latin fulmināre, a derivative of fulmen ‘lightning’. In medieval Latin its literal meaning gave way to the metaphorical ‘pronounce an ecclesiastical censure on’, and this provided the semantic basis for its English derivative fulminate, although in the 17th and 18th centuries there were sporadic learned reintroductions of its original meteorological sense: ‘Shall our Mountains be fulminated and thunder-struck’, William Sancroft, Lex ignea 1666.
- fulminate (v.)
- early 15c., "publish a 'thundering' denunciation; hurl condemnation (at an offender)," a figurative use, from Latin fulminatus, past participle of fulminare "hurl lightning, lighten," figuratively "to thunder," from fulmen (genitive fulminis) "lightning flash," related to fulgor "lightning," fulgere "to shine, flash," from PIE *bhleg- "to shine, flash," from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn" (see bleach (v.)). Metaphoric sense (the oldest in English) in reference to formal condemnation is from Medieval Latin fulminare, used of formal ecclesiastical censures. Related: Fulminated; fulminating.
- 1. The newspapers fulminate against the crime.
- 2. Trinitrotriazidobenzene is less sensitive to impact and friction than mercury fulminate.
- 3. Mercury fulminate may contain trace of mercuric oxalate.
- 4. An explosive salt of fulminic acid fulminate of mercury.
- 5. An explosive salt of fulminic acid , especially fulminate of mercury.
[ fulminate 造句 ]