英 [red] 美 [rɛd]
  • n. 红色,红颜料;赤字
  • adj. 红色的;红肿的,充血的
  • n. (Red)人名;(英、德)雷德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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red 红色的

来自古英语 read,来自 Proto-Germanic*raudaz,来自 PIE*reudh,红色的,词源同 ruby,rouge,russet.

red: [OE] Red is an ancient colour-term, whose history can be traced back to prehistoric Indo- European *reudh-. This also produced Greek eruthrós ‘red’ (source of English erythrocyte ‘red blood cell’ [19]) and a whole range of Latin ‘red’-words, including ruber (source of English rubicund and ruby), rubeus (source of English rouge [15]), russus (source of English rissole and russet), and rūfus (source of English rufous [18]).

Amongst other English words from the same Indo-European source are robust, ruby, ruddy [OE], and rust. The immediate Germanic precursor of red was *rauthaz, which also produced German rot, Dutch rood, Swedish röd, and Danish rød.

=> corroborate, erythrocyte, rissole, robust, rouge, ruby, ruddy, russet, rust
red (adj.1)
Old English read "red," from Proto-Germanic *raudaz (cognates: Old Norse rauðr, Danish rød, Old Saxon rod, Old Frisian rad, Middle Dutch root, Dutch rood, German rot, Gothic rauþs). As a noun from mid-13c.

The Germanic words are from PIE root *reudh- "red, ruddy" (cognates: Latin ruber, also dialectal rufus "light red," mostly of hair; Greek erythros; Sanskrit rudhira-; Avestan raoidita-; Old Church Slavonic rudru, Polish rumiany, Russian rumjanyj "flushed, red," of complexions, etc.; Lithuanian raudas; Old Irish ruad, Welsh rhudd, Breton ruz "red"). The only color for which a definite common PIE root word has been found. The initial -e- in the Greek word is because Greek tends to avoid beginning words with -r-.

Along with dead, bread (n.), lead (n.1), the vowel shortened in Middle English. The surname Read/Reid retains the original Old English long vowel pronunciation and is the corresponding surname to Brown-, Black, White.

The color designation of Native Americans in English from 1580s. The color as characteristic of "British possessions" on a map is attested from 1885. Red-white-and-blue in reference to American patriotism, from the colors of the flag, is from 1840; in a British context, in reference to the Union flag, 1852. The red flag was used as a symbol of defiance in battle on land or sea from c. 1600. To see red "get angry" is an American English expression first recorded 1898. Red rover, the children's game, attested from 1891. Red light as a sign to stop is from 1849, long before traffic signals. As the sign of a brothel, it is attested from 1899. As a children's game (in reference to the traffic light meaning) it is recorded from 1953.

Red-letter day (late 14c.) was originally a saint's day, marked on church calendars in red letters. Red ball signifying "express" in railroad jargon is 1904, originally (1899) a system of moving and tracking freight cars. Red dog, type of U.S. football pass rush, is recorded from 1959. Red meat is from 1808. Red shift in spectography is first recorded 1923. Red carpet "sumptuous welcome" is from 1934, but the custom for dignitaries is described as far back as Aeschylus ("Agamemnon"); it also was the name of a type of English moth.
red (adj.2)
"Bolshevik," 1917, from red (adj.1), the color they adopted for themselves. Association in Europe of red with revolutionary politics (on notion of blood and violence) is from at least 1297, but got a boost 1793 with adoption of the red Phrygian cap (French bonnet rouge) as symbol of the French Revolution. First specific political reference in English was 1848 (adj.), in news reports of the Second French Republic (a.k.a. Red Republic). Red China is from 1934. The noun meaning "radical, communist" is from 1851.
1. If your skin becomes red, sore or very scaly, consult your doctor.


2. His exercise books were full of well deserved red ticks.


3. Bake some big red peppers and hollow them out.


4. The waiter offered him red wine or white wine with his meal.


5. The shooting-range is lit from underneath by rows of ruby-red light fittings.


[ red 造句 ]