英 ['kɑːbʌŋk(ə)l] 美 ['kɑrbʌŋkl]
  • n. [中医] 痈;红宝石
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carbuncle 痈,红宝石

来自词根carb, 碳。-uncle, 小词后缀,见uncle(avunculus). 因如烧红的碳块而得名。

carbuncle: [13] Etymologically, a carbuncle is a ‘small piece of coal’. It comes ultimately from Latin carbunculus, a diminutive form of carbō ‘coal’ (source of English carbon). This reached English via Old French carbuncle. The Latin word had two main metaphorical meanings, based on the idea of a glowing coal: ‘red gem’ and ‘red inflamed spot’, both of which passed into English.

The latter achieved some notoriety in British English in the 1980s following a remark by the Prince of Wales in 1984 comparing a piece of modern architecture unfavourably to a ‘carbuncle’, although ironically from the 15th to the 17th centuries the word was used for ‘something of great splendour’.

=> carbon
carbuncle (n.)
early 13c., "fiery jewel," from Old North French carbuncle (Old French charbocle, charboncle) "carbuncle-stone," also "carbuncle, boil," from Latin carbunculus "red gem," also "red, inflamed spot," literally "a little coal," from carbo (genitive carbonis) "coal" (see carbon). Originally of rubies, garnets, and other red jewels; in English the word was applied to tumors from late 14c.
1. He has a carbuncle on his neck, it feels extremely painful.
他的脖子上长了砍头疮, 痛苦极了.


2. Neglecting a carbuncle will cause -- deal sternly with evil - doers will lead to serious trouble.
由于霍桑描写这些人物是误入 岐 途,他们的邪恶往往难以置信,而且你对大红玉之类的目标,也不能过于认真.


3. He invented famous prescriptions represented by Yanghe Decoction and Xi Huang Pill for Yin carbuncle.


4. Mine is the only purpose for which a wise man may desire to possess the Carbuncle.


[ carbuncle 造句 ]