- n. 寒冷；寒意；寒心
- adj. 寒冷的；冷漠的；扫兴的
- vt. 冷冻，冷藏；使寒心；使感到冷
- vi. 冷藏；变冷
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
3. cold => chill, cool.
- chill:  Old English had a noun cele or ciele ‘cold’ (from the same Germanic base as cold) which developed into Middle English chile ‘cold, frost’. Gaps in the record, however, cast doubt on whether this was the direct ancestor of the modern English noun, which may more plausibly be derived from the verb chill. This has been tentatively traced back to a hypothetical Old English verb *cieldan (also from the same Germanic base as cold), whose later form child may have been misinterpreted as a past participle, giving the new base form chill. Chilblain  is a compound formed from chill and blain ‘blister’, which comes from Old English blegen.
- chill (n.)
- Old English ciele, cele "cold, coolness, chill, frost," from Proto-Germanic *kal- "to be cold," from PIE root *gel- "cold" (see cold). According to OED, the word seems to have been obsolete after c. 1400 (displaced by cold) and the modern use is a back-formation since c. 1600 from the verb.
- chill (v.)
- late 14c., intransitive, "to feel cold, grow cold;" c. 1400, transitive, "to make cold," from chill (n.). Related: Chilled; chilling; chillingly. Figurative use from late 14c. Meaning "hang out" first recorded 1985; from earlier chill out "relax" (1979).
Sheila E. sizzles in the new flick, Krush Groove, but some New York critics couldn't groove with it because many of the terms are unfamiliar to them. Examples: breakin' out (slang for leaving), chill (for cool down) and death (for something that's really good). ["Jet," Nov. 11, 1985]
- 1. September is here, bringing with it a chill in the mornings.
- 2. The violence used against the students sent a chill through Indonesia.
- 3. Wool traps your body heat, keeping the chill at bay.
- 4. Some of their offences are so awful they would chill the blood.
- 5. A chill wind blew at the top of the hill.
[ chill 造句 ]