- adj. 适当的；本身的；特有的；正派的
- adv. 完全地
- n. (Proper)人名；(英、德)普罗珀
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. pro privo "for the individual, in particular," from pro "for" + ablative of privus "one's own, individual".
2. pro privo "for the individual, in particular" => propri- "one's own, particular to itself".
3. propri- "one's own, particular to itself" => propre => proper.
4. => one's own, particular.
5. => adapted to some particular purpose. 因为独特所以与众不同，因为与众不同所以鹤立鸡群，因为鹤立鸡群所以优秀、卓越。
6. => 因为本身具有，所以是内在的，固有的，本来的，真正的，深入骨髓的，所以就是完完全全的；彻底的；就如形容某个人彻底的坏，就说他骨子里坏。
7. => 因为是内在的，所以是本来面目，所以是真实的，真正的，正确的，所以自然也就是合乎体统的，正派的，规矩的。
- proper:  Proper originally meant ‘belonging to itself, particular to itself’ (a sense now defunct in English except in certain fossilized contexts, such as the astronomical term proper motion). It comes via Old French propre from Latin prōprius ‘one’s own’, which may have been a lexicalization of the phrase prō prīvō, literally ‘for the individual’ (prīvus is the source of English private). The word developed widely in meaning in Latin, but its main modern English senses, ‘correct’ and ‘morally right’, are of later evolution. Appropriate  goes back to a late Latin derivative.
=> appropriate, property
- proper (adj.)
- c. 1300, "adapted to some purpose, fit, apt; commendable, excellent" (sometimes ironic), from Old French propre "own, particular; exact, neat, fitting, appropriate" (11c.), from Latin proprius "one's own, particular to itself," from pro privo "for the individual, in particular," from ablative of privus "one's own, individual" (see private (adj.)) + pro "for" (see pro-). Related: Properly.
From early 14c. as "belonging or pertaining to oneself; individual; intrinsic;" from mid-14c. as "pertaining to a person or thing in particular, special, specific; distinctive, characteristic;" also "what is by the rules, correct, appropriate, acceptable." From early 15c. as "separate, distinct; itself." Meaning "socially appropriate, decent, respectable" is first recorded 1704. Proper name "name belonging to or relating to the person or thing in question," is from late 13c., a sense also preserved in astronomical proper motion (c. 1300). Proper noun is from c. 1500.
- 1. He denied that he'd failed to keep a proper lookout that night.
- 2. Catherine demonstrated the proper way to cleanse the face.
- 3. Britain imposed fines on airlines which bring in passengers without proper papers.
- 4. We tend to imagine that the Victorians were very prim and proper.
- 5. Carol managed a few proper snivels for the sake of appearance.
[ proper 造句 ]