gavel

英 ['gæv(ə)l] 美 ['gævl]
  • n. (拍卖商、法官、议长用的)小木槌
  • n. (Gavel)人名;(法、瑞典)加韦尔
GRE
星级词汇:
gavel
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1. gavel 是gave + l(象棒子) 给你一棒槌→小木槌。
gavel (拍卖商或法官用的)小槌

词源不详。可能来自旧时参加行业公会需上交一定数额的费用,主持人敲打小槌进行通报,词源同give. 后指拍卖商或法官用的小槌。

gavel (n.)
"small mallet used by presiding officers at meetings," 1805, American English, of unknown origin; perhaps connected with German dialectal gaffel "brotherhood, friendly society," from Middle High German gaffel "society, guild," related to Old English gafol "tribute," giefan "to give" (see habit). But in some sources gavel also is identified as a type of mason's tool, in which case the extended meaning may be via freemasonry. As a verb, by 1887, from the noun. Old English had tabule "wooden hammer struck as a signal for assembly among monks," an extended sense of table (n.).
1. "Let's take a ten-minute recess", the judge said, pounding his gavel.
“现在休庭10分钟。”法官敲了一记木槌说道。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The judge rapped on the table twice with his gavel.
法官用他的小木在桌上重敲了两下。

来自辞典例句

3. The chairman rapped on the table twice with his gavel.
主席用他的小木槌在桌上重敲了两下.

来自辞典例句

4. You can have the gavel next, but right now she's got it.
你可以一会再发言但现在是她发言.

来自电影对白

5. The judge rapped on top of the table with his gavel.
法官用小木槌敲了一下桌子.

来自互联网

[ gavel 造句 ]