英 ['tɒpɪk] 美 ['tɑpɪk]
  • n. 主题(等于theme);题目;一般规则;总论
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topic 题目,话题

来自拉丁语 topica,题目,话题,来自希腊语 topikos,关于某地的,来自 topos,地方,词源同 topography.

topic: [16] Greek tópos meant ‘place’. From it was derived the adjective topikós ‘of a place’, which came to mean ‘commonplace’. Aristotle used it in the title of his treatise Tà topiká, which contains commonplace arguments, and it was with direct reference to this that the word first arrived in English (via Latin topica). The sense ‘subject, theme’ arose in the 18th century from the notion of the various heads of argument contained in Tà topiká and works like it.

The derived topical [16] originally meant ‘of topics’; the specialization to ‘of topics of the day, of current interest’ is as recent as the second half of the 19th century. The word’s original notion of ‘place’ is preserved in topography [15] and topology [17]. The diminutive form of Greek tópos was tópion ‘small place’, hence ‘field’.

Latin took over its plural as topia, and used it for ‘ornamental gardening’. From it was derived the adjective topiārius, which forms the basis of English topiary [16].

=> topiary, topography
topic (n.)
1630s, "a class of considerations from which probable arguments can be drawn," singular form of "Topics" (1560s), the name of a work by Aristotle on logical and rhetorical generalities, from Latin Topica, from Greek Ta Topika, literally "matters concerning topoi," "commonplaces," neuter plural of noun use of topikos "pertaining to a common place, of a place, local," from topos "place" (see topos). The meaning "matter treated in speech or writing, subject, theme" is first recorded 1720.
1. Radical feminism is currently the fashionable topic among the chattering classes.


2. No one article can ever do justice to the topic of fraud.


3. The weather is a constant topic of conversation in Britain.


4. The topic of addiction remains something of a taboo.


5. A disproportionate amount of time was devoted to one topic.


[ topic 造句 ]