tank

英 [tæŋk] 美 [tæŋk]
  • n. 坦克;水槽;池塘
  • vt. 把…贮放在柜内;打败
  • vi. 乘坦克行进
  • n. (Tank)人名;(德、土、阿塞、土库、挪)汤克
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
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音译“坦克”
tank 水箱,壶,罐,坦克

来自葡萄牙语 tanque,水箱,容器,借自印度语,如印度总理莫迪所在邦古吉拉特语 tankh, 水箱,畜水池,最终可能来自梵语 tadaga,池塘。现主要词义军事坦克来自一战时英国人发 明该重型装甲武器后为出其不意给德军重创,从而以“Tank”作掩护而得名。

tank
tank: [17] Tank ‘water-storage container’ originated in India, where it denoted a ‘pond’. It was borrowed from a local word, such as Gujarati tānkh or Marathi tānken ‘pond, cistern’. These in turn probably went back to Sanskrit tadāga ‘pond, lake’, which was of Dravidian origin. The word was applied as a secret code name to the new armoured vehicle at the end of 1915, supposedly because it was thought to resemble a benzene tank.
tank (n.)
1610s, "pool or lake for irrigation or drinking water," a word originally brought by the Portuguese from India, from a Hindi source, such as Gujarati tankh "cistern, underground reservoir for water," Marathi tanken, or tanka "reservoir of water, tank." Perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit tadaga-m "pond, lake pool," and reinforced in later sense of "large artificial container for liquid" (1680s) by Portuguese tanque "reservoir," from estancar "hold back a current of water," from Vulgar Latin *stanticare (see stanch). But other sources say the Portuguese word is the source of the Indian ones. Meaning "fuel container" is recorded from 1902. Slang meaning "detention cell" is from 1912. Railroad tank-car is from 1874.

In military use, "armored, gun-mounted vehicle moving on continuous articulated tracks," the word originated late 1915. In "Tanks in the Great War" [1920], Brevet Col. J.F.C. Fuller quotes a memorandum of the Committee of Imperial Defence dated Dec. 24, 1915, recommending the proposed "caterpillar machine-gun destroyer" machines be entrusted to an organization "which, for secrecy, shall be called the 'Tank Supply Committee,' ..." In a footnote, Fuller writes, "This is the first appearance of the word 'tank' in the history of the machine." He writes that "cistern" and "reservoir" also were put forth as possible cover names, "all of which were applicable to the steel-like structure of the machines in the early stages of manufacture. Because it was less clumsy and monosyllabic, the name 'tank' was decided on." They were first used in action at Pozieres ridge, on the Western Front, Sept. 15, 1916, and the name was quickly picked up by the soldiers. Tank-trap attested from 1920.
tank (v.)
1900, "to put into a tank," from tank (n.). Meaning "to lose or fail" attested from 1976, originally in tennis jargon, specifically in an interview with Billie Jean King in "Life" magazine, Sept. 22, 1967:
"When our men don't feel like trying," she says, "They 'tank' [give up]. I never tanked a match in my life and I never saw a girl do it. The men do it all the time in minor tournaments when they don't feel like hustling. You have to be horribly competitive to win in big-time tennis."
Sometimes said to be from boxing, in some sense, perhaps from the notion of "taking a dive," but evidence for this is wanting. Related: Tanked; tanking. Adjective tanked "drunk" is from 1893.
1. Colonel Hardy would like to see every tank with a computerized aid.
哈迪上校希望看到每辆坦克都配有电脑化辅助装置。

来自柯林斯例句

2. A large diesel tank mysteriously leaked its contents into the river.
一个大型柴油罐的柴油莫名其妙地泄漏到河里去了。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The division will consist of two tank companies and one infantry company.
这个师的组成部队将包括两个坦克连和一个步兵连。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The sound of the tank guns reverberated through the little Bavarian town.
坦克炮声在巴伐利亚小镇回荡。

来自柯林斯例句

5. It was my job to wash out the fish tank.
我的工作是清洗鱼缸内壁。

来自柯林斯例句

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