CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1.【例】a colony of termites 一群白蚁
3. colony 【克隆clone你】 殖民地，侨居地，聚居地
来自PIE*kwel, 转，耕作，词源同cycle, culture. 本义为到新的地方开发，耕作，后指殖民，占领别人的土地。
- colony:  Etymologically, a colony is a ‘settled land’. The word goes back ultimately to the Indo-European base *qwel-, *qwol-, which signified ‘move around’ (it is the source of English cycle and wheel) and hence ‘move habitually in, settle in, inhabit’. One of the descendants of this base was Latin colere ‘inhabit, cultivate’. Thus someone who settled on a new piece of land and cultivated it was a colōnus, and the land he settled was his colōnia. (The German city of Cologne gets its name from Latin colōnia; in Roman times it was called Colōnia Agrippīna, the ‘settlement or colony of Agrippa’.)
=> cycle, wheel
- colony (n.)
- late 14c., "ancient Roman settlement outside Italy," from Latin colonia "settled land, farm, landed estate," from colonus "husbandman, tenant farmer, settler in new land," from colere "to inhabit, cultivate, frequent, practice, tend, guard, respect," from PIE root *kwel- (1) "move around" (source of Latin -cola "inhabitant;" see cycle (n.)). Also used by the Romans to translate Greek apoikia "people from home." Modern application dates from 1540s.
- 1. The newly-occupied Italian colony of Libya rose in revolt in 1914.
- 2. Different animals in the colony had different manifestations of the disease.
- 3. the American colony in Paris
- 4. the former governor of the colony
- 5. All the bees in the colony are genetically related.
[ colony 造句 ]